Today, Chinese paper-cuts are used for religious and ceremonial purposes. They are buried with the dead and burned at funerals. They were also used as offerings to ancestors and the gods.
Additionally, paper-cuts are chiefly used as decorations. They are also to be used as patterns, especially for embroidery and lacquer wears. They can also adorn walls, windows, doors, columns, mirrors, lamps and lanterns in homes. Chinese people believe that the red paper-cuts on the door can bring good luck and happiness to the whole family. The paper-cuts are more often seen during traditional Chinese festivals, particularly in Chinese New Year, the Spring Festival. They are also given as presents or gifts to good friends or other family members. In Chinese traditional culture, paper-cuts can reflect many aspects of life such as prosperity, health, or harvest.

During the Spring Festival, the character “ Fu (福)” is pasted upside down on the door to express people’s wish for the coming of happiness.

When a man and woman get married, the red paper-cuts with the character “Xi (囍)” is a traditional decoration. It is believed that this paper-cut will bring the new couple happiness.

At a birthday party of an older person, paper-cuts with the character “Shou (寿)” are often seen.

Back to the 18th century, Beijing Opera, the gem of Chinese traditional arts, hadformed a set of complete techniques and artistic expression. One of the main manifestations of the art, facial makeup, came into being after a long-term assimilation of themerits of various local operas. When facial makeups are made by the light hands on papers, these two forms of art , namely, Beijing Opera and Chinese paper cutting, are mixed with each other.