Beijing is the capital of the People's Republic of China. 43.5 meters above sea level, Beijing covers an area of 16,808 square kilometers and has a population of 12 million. Under the city's jurisdiction there are 10 districts and 8 counties.

Beijing's history as a city can be dated back to 3,000 years ago. Its time-honored history left Beijing plenty of historical relics and colorful customs. As the center of the country, here gathers the offices of the Party, the Government and the Military, as well as headquarters of national companies, industrial associations and financial institutions. Beijing is in the central place of the nation's financial decisions and macro-control. It is also China's most prosperous city in terms of science, education and culture, in that it covers all subjects of sciences and has strong research capabilities. Beijing is the communication pivot between China and the international community and, the most important center for international exchanges.

The National Flag

Red flag with five stars

On September 27, 1949, the First Plenary Session of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) approved the proposal for using the red five-star flag as the national flag of the People's Republic of China (PRC). The red color of the flag symbolizes revolution and the yellow color of the stars the golden brilliant rays radiating from the vast red land. The design of four smaller stars surrounding a bigger one signifies the unity of the Chinese people under the leadership of the Communist Party of China (CPC).

The National Anthem

March of the Volunteers

"March of the Volunteers" is the national anthem of the People's Republic of China, written in the midst of the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945) by the noted poet and playwright Tian Han with music composed by Nie Er. March of the Volunteers, was the theme song of the film, Sons and Daughters in a Time of Storm. On September 27, 1949, the CPPCC adopted the song as the provisional national anthem, and on December 4, 1982 the NPC decided to adopt it as China's official national anthem.
March of the Volunteers

Arise! All who refuse to be slaves!
Let our flesh and blood become our new Great Wall!
As the Chinese nation faces its greatest peril,
All forcefully expend their last cries.

Arise! Arise! Arise!

May our million hearts beat as one,
Brave the enemy's fire, March on!
Brave the enemy's fire, March on!
March on! March on! On!

Composed by Nie Er Lyrics by Tian Han

The National Emblem

The National Emblem of the People's Republic of China contains a representation of Tiananmen Gate, the entrance gate of the Forbidden City from the Tiananmen Square in Beijing, in a red circle. Above this representation are the five stars found on the national flag. The five stars represented the union of Chinese peoples. The circle has a border that contains sheaves of wheat reflecting the Maoist philosophy of an agricultural revolution. At the center of the bottom portion of the border is a cog-wheel that represents the industrial workers.

The emblem was designed by Liang Sicheng. It was determined as the National Emblem (September 20, 1950) by the Central People's Government.

The National Flowers

The peony, along with the plum blossom, are two traditional floral symbols of China. In 1903, the Qing Dynasty declared the peony as the national flower. Currently, the Republic of China designates the plum blossom as the national flower, while the People's Republic of China has no legally designated national flower. In 1994, the peony was proposed as the national flower after a nation-wide poll, but the National People's Congress failed to ratify the selection. In 2003, another selection process has begun, but to date, no choice has been made.

Multi- Cultural Integration

The People's Republic of China (PRC) officially recognizes 55 ethnic minority groups within China in addition to the Han majority. As of 2005, the combined population of officially recognised minority groups numbered at 123.33 million, comprising of 9.44% of China's total population.

The PRC's Constitution and laws guarantee equal rights to all ethnic groups in China and help promote ethnic minority groups' economic and cultural development. Some ethnic minorities in China live in what are described as ethnic autonomous areas. These "regional autonomies" guarantee ethnic minorities the freedom to use and develop their ethnic languages, and to maintain their own cultural and social customs.
Fifty-six Ethnic Groups:
Achang Bai Blang Bonan Buyei Dai Daur De'ang
Derung Dong Dongxiang Ewenki Gaoshan Gelao Gin Han
Hani Hezhen Hui Jingpo Jino Kazak Kirgiz Korean
Lahu Li Lisu Lhoba Manchu Maonan Miao Monba
Mongol Mulao Naxi Nu Oroqen Pumi Qiang Russians
Salar She Sui Tajik Tatar Tibetan Tu Tujia
Uyghur Uzbek Va Xibe Yao Yi Yugur Zhuang

Administrative Areas Division of China

China is divided into the following administrative units: 23 provinces, 4 municipalities, 5 autonomous regions and 2 special administrative regions.

  • Provincial Capital:Beijing
  • Area:1.68
  • Population:1456
  • Shanghai
  • Provincial Capital:Shanghai
  • Area:0.62
  • Population:1711
  • Tianjin
  • Provincial Capital:Tianjin
  • Area:1.13
  • Population:1011
  • Chongqing
  • Provincial Capital:Chongqing
  • Area:8.20
  • Population:3130
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
  • Provincial Capital:Hohhot
  • Area:118.30
  • Population:2380
  • Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region
  • Provincial Capital:Yinchuan
  • Area:6.64
  • Population:580
  • Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region
  • Provincial Capital:Urumchi
  • Area:160
  • Population:1934
  • Tibet Autonomous Region
  • Provincial Capital:Lhasa
  • Area:122
  • Population:270
  • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
  • Provincial Capital:Nanning
  • Area:23.63
  • Population:4857
  • Hong kong
  • Hong Kong Special Administrative Region
  • Provincial Capital:Hong kong
  • Area:0.1092
  • Population:680
  • Macao
  • Macao Special Administrative Region
  • Provincial Capital:Macao
  • Area:0.0024
  • Population:45
  • Hebei
  • Provincial Capital:Shijiazhuang
  • Area:19.00
  • Population:6769
  • Shanxi
  • Provincial Capital:Taiyuan
  • Area:15.60
  • Population:3314
  • Liaoning
  • Provincial Capital:Shenyang
  • Area:14.57
  • Population:4210
  • Jilin
  • Provincial Capital:Changchun
  • Area:18.70
  • Population:2704
  • Heilongjiang
  • Provincial Capital:Harbin
  • Area:46.90
  • Population:3815
  • Jiangsu
  • Provincial Capital:Nanjing
  • Area:10.26
  • Population:7406
  • Zhejiang
  • Provincial Capital:Hangzhou
  • Area:10.18
  • Population:4680
  • Anhui
  • Provincial Capital:Hefei
  • Area:13.90
  • Population:6410
  • Fujian
  • Provincial Capital:Fuzhou
  • Area:12.00
  • Population:3488
  • Jiangxi
  • Provincial Capital:Nanchang
  • Area:16.66
  • Population:4254
  • Shandong
  • Provincial Capital:Jinan
  • Area:15.30
  • Population:9125
  • Henan
  • Provincial Capital:Zhengzhou
  • Area:16.70
  • Population:9667
  • Hubei
  • Provincial Capital:Wuhan
  • Area:18.74
  • Population:6002
  • Hunan
  • Provincial Capital:Changsha
  • Area:21.00
  • Population:6663
  • Guangdong
  • Provincial Capital:Guangzhou
  • Area:18.60
  • Population:7954
  • Hainan
  • Provincial Capital:Haikou
  • Area:3.40
  • Population:811
  • Sichuan
  • Provincial Capital:Chengdu
  • Area:48.80
  • Population:8700
  • Guizhou
  • Provincial Capital:Guiyang
  • Area:17.00
  • Population:3870
  • Yunnan
  • Provincial Capital:Kunming
  • Area:39.40
  • Population:4376
  • Shaanxi
  • Provincial Capital:Xian
  • Area:20.50
  • Population:3690
  • Gansu
  • Provincial Capital:Lanzhou
  • Area:45.00
  • Population:2603
  • Qinghai
  • Provincial Capital:Xining
  • Area:72.00
  • Population:534
  • Taiwan
  • Provincial Capital:Taibei
  • Area:3.60
  • Population:2261
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