Overview of Chinese Territory

China is located at the east coast of the largest continent (Eurasia) as well as the western margin of the largest ocean (Pacific). It has a land area of about 9.6 million square km, occupying 6.5 percent of the total land area of the world. From the confluence of the Heilong River and its tributary, the Wusuli River, westward to the Pamir Plateau, the distance is more than 5200 km. From midstream of the Heilong River north of Mohe, southward to Zengmu Shoal of the Nansha Islands near the equator, the distance is more than 5500 km. Its population of more than 1.3 billion accounts for approximately one-fifth of the world population.

China has more than 32000 km of coastline (including the mainland shore more than 18,000 km and island shore more than 14000 km), and a boundary line of more than 20,000 km, bordered to the north-east by DPR Korea, to the north by Russia and Mongolia, to the west and south-west from north to south by Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Sikkin, Bhutan and to the south by Burma, Laos and Viet Nam.

The country is marketed the following geographical co-ordinates: Latitude from about N53 31 to about N3 50 Longitude from E73 40 to 135 05

Three Tiers of The Territory

The First Tier

The Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, known as the "Roof of the World" is the highest in the world, its average height being 4 kilometers above sea level. The Himalayas and Mount Qomolangma (Everest) stand at the juncture of the Chinese and Nepalese borders. At 8848.13 meters above sea level, it is both the highest and youngest place on earth, having only risen from the sea 30 million years ago.

The Second Tier

The vast area from the Kunlun, Qilian and Hengduan Mountains to Greater Xing'an, Taihang, Wu and Xuefeng Mountains forms a lower tier 1 to 2 thousand meters above sea level.Here, there are three large plateaus and basins.The Inner Mongolian, Loess and Yunnan-Guizhou Plateaus. There are three large basins on the second tier, namely, the Junggar, Tarim and Sichuan.

The Third Tier

This third tier consists of those places with an altitude of less than 500 meters. The Northeast, North China and Lower Yangtze Valley Plains are, from north to south, the Great Plains of China.