The Blue and White Porcelain, the treasure among Chinese porcelains, is characterized by refined and white quality, simple but elegant designs, bright colors, and rich pattern decoration. It also boasts artistic charms of Chinese Ink and Wash Painting, with both practical and ornamental functions, and suits both refined and popular tastes. Blue and White Porcelain bears very high value in terms of artistic appreciation, renowned both at home and abroad as "a pearl of the porcelain world".
The artistic value which distinguishes Blue and White Porcelain from other porcelains comes from its blue flowers. Blue flower is one of the earliest porcelain decoration methods with typical Chinese characteristics. The materials of blue flower are rich in natural cobalt mineral, so it is easy to color and the color never fades. Besides, it contains no poisonous elements such as plumbum and arsenic, therefore it has no negative side-effects on the human body.
The history of Blue and White Porcelain can be traced back to the Tang Dynasty, but those were only very primitive blue and white products at that time. Up to Yuan Dynasty, the manufacturing of Blue and White Porcelain went into maturity. The Ming Dynasty was reputed as the "Golden Age" of the Blue and White Porcelain production. In Qing Dynasty this technique reached unprecedented altitude, especially the porcelains made in the reigns of Kangxi, Yongzheng and Qianlong have clear layers ,the verdant and gorgeous luster, and the sparkling sapphiric blue color.
Since Song and Yuan Dynasties, Jingde Town had become the main producing area of Blue and White Porcelains. After the Northern Song Dynasty Jingde Town has gradually developed into the sintering center of Chinese porcelains, the largest producing base and research center of pottery and porcelain in the world's porcelain market. "Porcelain capital" has almost become the synonym of Jingde Town. It is one of "the Four Famous Towns in China" together with Hankou in Hubei Province, Zhuxian in Henan Province, and Foshan in Guangdong Province.
The Blue and White Porcelain of unparalleled elegancy has not only been the rare curios appreciated by the nobility, high officials, scholars and the wealthy, but also has been the "emissary" of cultural exchanges between China and foreign countries. Since the 18th Century, China's Blue and White Porcelain has been introduced to North-East Asia, South-East Asia, Mid-Asia, Europe and West Africa either through the sea or the Silk Road, and has become the art treasure shared and appreciated by the world. As time goes by, the collection value of Blue and White Porcelain is attracting more and more attention.