Pingyao located in middle area of Shaanxi province and southernmost part of Taiyan Basin is a time-honored city with multiple cultural relics. Pingyao is an ancient city with a lot of ancient buildings, which are also preserved well.
Hakka's earth buildings spread all over the city, including counties of Hua'an, Pinghe, Zhao'an, Yunxiao and Zhangpu. The original buildings is lives as barracks, castle or mountain fastness constructed with clay mixed with many other materials into different shapes.
Different structures have been used in the building of pagodas, depending on the building materials. The structure and method of construction of a wooden pagoda are similar to those of a palace, temple, multistoreyed building or pavilion made of wood, i.e., the traditional beam or bracket system.
conflict with their neighbours (called punti in Cantonese). As rivalry for resources turned to armed warfare, the Hakka began building communal living structures designed to be easily defensible. These houses, sometimes called tulou 土楼, were often round in shape and internally divided into many compartments for food storage, living quarters, ancestral temple, armoury etc.
Confucian rationality concentrates on concern about the harmony and stability of the order of man's world. It adopts the attitude of trying as far as possible to evade the illusory divine world. The Analects say Confucius never spoke about ghosts and gods.